Will America Follow Europe in Offering a Four-Day Work Week?

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From travel to technology, employers across the globe are offering four days weeks as incentives to woo workers after the coronavirus pandemic upended their working patterns.

Debate over the so-called ‘Scandinavian model’, which holds that productivity will rise if working hours are dropped, is not new but it has gained traction during the COVID crisis not only among companies but also the public sector and politicians.

In Europe, Spain’s left wing government is considering its own version to help its economy, while public administrations in Denmark and Iceland have already adopted 4-day weeks.

With retail and hospitality now among the sectors struggling to attract and retain staff as economies recover from the crisis, many companies are introducing shorter weeks, the president of global staffing group Adecco said.

“After the (coronavirus) crisis, people became more aware their working conditions weren’t always the best … Now they’re thinking, we don’t want to sacrifice our personal life,” Adecco’s Christophe Catoir told Reuters.

While there is widespread scepticism over whether the coronavirus-driven change is here to stay, Spain’s Telefonica is among those companies trialling a four-day week among up to 10% of its domestic workforce.

This may be extended beyond its initial 15,000 participants if uptake is strong and productivity remains steady, a source aware of the plan told Reuters, with high uptake meaning workers will trade pay for free time.

Although participants in the Telefonica trial will take a 15% pay cut, businesses in other countries are opting to remunerate staff in full despite working fewer hours.

FREE DAY

While many reduced-hour schemes which came into effect this year proved cost-free, Iceland’s state media RUV reported that the government saw budget increases of some $33.6 million a year to increase staffing, particularly in the health sector.

“In some sectors, it’ll be easier to reorganise processes and reduce hours – but for others, reducing time will entail reducing what’s produced, too,” Carlos Victoria, research economist at Spanish business school ESADE, said, citing music or physical therapy as examples.

“Thinking of (four-day weeks) as the future of our working habits is premature, in the short term at least,” he said.

The Danish municipality of Odsherred, however, has experimented with some success, with 300 employees working four-day weeks on full pay as part of a three-year trial.

“People were fantastically excited about that Friday off,” Odsherred municipal director Claus Steen Madsen told Reuters.

“Three days where you don’t have to work does something psychologically … giving a surplus of energy for the four (working) days,” Madsen said, adding that there were no plans to alter this flexible approach and return to “normal”.

SOURCE: Reuters

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