PODCAST: Theology of Paul (Part 10) (The Study of God #75)

Welcome to the Study of God Podcast. This is episode #75

I am your host, Daniel Whyte III, president of Gospel Light Society International. This podcast is designed to give you a basic understanding of God, the Bible, and Christian beliefs. J. Dwight Pentecost said, “There is no higher activity in which the mind may be engaged than the pursuit of the knowledge of God.”

Let’s start out reading the Word of God Itself. Today’s passage of Scripture is Jeremiah 24:7 which reads: “And I will give them an heart to know me, that I am the Lord: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.”

Today’s words from a theologian are from Phillips Brooks. He said: “.The solution to sin is not to impose an ever-stricter code of behavior. It is to know God.”

Our topic for today is titled “Theology of Paul (Part 10)” from “The Moody Handbook of Theology” by Dr. Paul Enns.

Dr. Paul Enns writes…

Organization. While the church is a living organism, it is also an organization, involving offices and function. There are two designated offices in the New Testament church. The office of elder (Gk. presbuteros – pres-boo’-ter-os) emphasizes maturity and dignity and normally denotes an older person. Elders were appointed as leaders in the local churches. The term bishop or overseer (Gk. episkopos – ep-is’-kop-os) denotes the work of shepherding by the elder. The terms are basically synonymous, although elder signifies the office whereas overseer emphasizes function. The work of the elders involved teaching, ruling, shepherding, nurturing, and caring for the flock. Their qualifications are listed in 1 Timothy 3:1–7.

The other church office is that of deacon (Gk. diakonos – dee-ak’-on-os), meaning “servant.” From the qualifications cited in 1 Timothy 3:8–13 it is evident the deacons were also involved in spiritual ministry, albeit as subordinate to the elders. Along with the elders they had an authoritative position in the local church.

It is not entirely clear whether Paul was advocating a separate office of deaconness. The word gunaikas (goo-nahee-kas), translated “women,” may refer to the wives of the deacons or to a separate class of deaconesses.

Ordinances. Although the subject of baptism is prominent in the New Testament, it is not a major emphasis in Pauline theology. The verb baptizo is used eighty times in the New Testament, but Paul uses it only sixteen times, and only eleven of those refer to water baptism (three of them in Acts). Furthermore, he uses the verb six times in his explanation that Christ did not send him to baptize; thus, apart from that reference, Paul refers to water baptism only twice in the epistles. In his explanation to the Corinthians Paul makes it clear that baptism is not a part of the Gospel. Paul seems to emphasize the baptism of the Spirit more than water baptism.

Paul provides a detailed explanation of the Lord’s Supper, which he received through direct revelation from the Lord. Paul presents the Lord’s Supper as a memorial and admonishes the Corinthians not to partake in a casual manner; in so doing they would drink judgment to themselves. Paul’s further rebuke relates to an accompanying meal, sometimes referred to as the agape, in which some would gorge themselves while others would have little to eat. It disrupted fellowship and resulted in eating and drinking the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner; they were “eating without recognizing the symbolism which reminds of the Lord’s body, without seeing Christ and His death in it all.”

Let’s Pray —

Before we close, dear friend, I want to remind you that while it is important to engage in the study of God, it is far more important that you have a relationship with God. I fear that there are a lot of people who will die knowing a lot about God, but not really knowing God. You don’t want to be one of those people.

If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ as your Savior, and you want to get to know Him today here’s how.

First, accept the fact that you are a sinner, and that you have broken God’s law. The Bible says in Romans 3:23: “For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.”

Second, accept the fact that there is a penalty for sin. The Bible states in Romans 6:23: “For the wages of sin is death…”

Third, accept the fact that you are on the road to hell. Jesus Christ said in Matthew 10:28: “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” Also, the Bible states in Revelation 21:8: “But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.”

Now this is bad news, but here’s the good news. Jesus Christ said in John 3:16: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” Just believe in your heart that Jesus Christ died for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead by the power of God for you so that you can live eternally with Him. Pray and ask Him to come into your heart today, and He will.

Romans 10:9-13 says, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Pray and ask Him to come into your heart and He will.

May God bless you and keep you until we meet again.

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