The World Health Organization chief has warned against suggestions by some to just allow Covid-19 to spread in the hope of achieving so-called herd immunity, saying this was “unethical”.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said during a virtual press briefing that “herd immunity is a concept used for vaccination, in which a population can be protected from a certain virus if a threshold of vaccination is reached”.
He pointed out for instance that for measles, it is estimated that if 95% of the population is vaccinated, the remaining 5% will also be protected from the spread of the virus.
For polio, the threshold is estimated at 80%, he said.
“Herd immunity is achieved by protecting people from a virus, not by exposing them to it,” Mr Tedros said.
“Never in the history of public health has herd immunity been used as a strategy for responding to an outbreak, let alone a pandemic,” he insisted.
The new coronavirus has killed well over one million people and has infected more than 37.5 million since it first surfaced in China late last year.
Relying on naturally obtaining herd immunity in such a situation would be “scientifically and ethically problematic”, Mr Tedros said.
“Allowing a dangerous virus that we don’t fully understand to run free is simply unethical. It’s not an option.”
He pointed to lacking information on the development of immunity to Covid-19, including how strong the immune response is and how long antibodies remain in the body.
He also pointed out that it has been estimated that less than 10% of the population in most countries are believed to have contracted the disease.
“The vast majority of people in most countries remain susceptible to this virus,” he said.
Meanwhile, Italy is set to ban private parties and limit the number of guests at weddings and funerals among new restrictions aimed at curbing a surge in coronavirus infections, according to a draft decree seen by Reuters.
The decree, which could be issued as early as today, prohibits people from hosting more than ten guests in their homes or in any other private premises.
It also states that no more than ten guests will be allowed at weddings, and no more than 15 people can be present at funerals.
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