PODCAST: Theology of Paul, Part 1 (The Study of God #57 with Daniel Whyte III)


Welcome to the Study of God Podcast. This is episode #57

I am your host, Daniel Whyte III, president of Gospel Light Society International. This podcast is designed to give you a basic understanding of God, the Bible, and Christian beliefs. J. Dwight Pentecost said, “There is no higher activity in which the mind may be engaged than the pursuit of the knowledge of God.”

Let’s start out reading the Word of God Itself. Today’s passage of Scripture is James 1:5 which reads: “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.”

Today’s words from a theologian are from A. W. Tozer. He said: “The Bible is not an end in itself, but a means to bring men to an intimate and satisfying knowledge of God, that they may enter into Him, that they may delight in His Presence, may taste and know the inner sweetness of the very God Himself in the core and center of their hearts.”

Our topic for today is titled ” from “Theology of Paul (Part 1)” from “The Moody Handbook of Theology” by Dr. Paul Enns

Dr. Paul Enns writes…

Introduction to Pauline Theology
Background and Training

Paul was born about A.D. 3 to a prestigious family whose members were Roman citizens living in the city of Tarsus. Paul was raised in a strict Jewish home, circumcised the eighth day, and was of the tribe of Benjamin. Paul was later trained in Jerusalem under Gamaliel, a Pharisee and respected member of the Sanhedrin. Gamaliel was only one of seven scholars in his nation’s history to receive the title “Rabban” (our master). Gamaliel was a grandson of Hillel, founder of the school of interpretation bearing his name. Hillel was less strict than the school of Shammai (Shah-my). Paul himself became a Pharisee, adhering strictly to Jewish law and customs. It was this intense loyalty to Judaism and the traditions of the elders that caused him to persecute the Christians. He did this with a pure conscience at first. Later, he interpreted his action as blasphemy.

Outline of Travels and Ministry
Following his conversion in late A.D. 33 or early 34, Paul spent several months in Damascus when his opponents sought his death, he returned to Jerusalem. Shortly thereafter, he departed for his home town of Tarsus. He spent three years in Arabia, probably in some form of ministry inasmuch as he began to serve immediately after his conversion. After the three years he returned to Jerusalem and then departed for Syria and Cilicia (Si-lish-uh). About A.D. 46 Paul again visited Jerusalem. It was at Antioch that the church set Paul and Barnanbas apart for the first missionary journey. During that journey the duo evangelized Asia Minor and the island of Cyprus. It was in Asia Minor that Paul began a ministry to Gentiles when the Jews repudiated the Gospel. Paul’s typical pattern was established: “an initial proclamation to Jews and Gentile adherents to Judaism, whether full proselytes or more loosely associated, and then, being refused further audience in the synagogue, a direct ministry among Gentiles.

The Jerusalem Council took place in A.D. 49 and resolved an important issue: it enabled Paul (and others) to keep preaching the Gospel to Gentiles without Jewish encumbrances; Gentiles were not required to be circumcised. The decision was important in maintaining the purity of the Gospel and separating law from grace. The second missionary journey took Paul and Silas across Asia Minor, where they revisited the churches, and on to Europe. The third missionary journey (A.D. 53-57) took Paul to Ephesus, where he spent nearly three years, and on to Macedonia and Achaia (Uh-K-AY-uh). He was arrested in Jerusalem upon his return and imprisoned in Caesarea (A.D. 58-60). Paul appealed to Caesar and eventually spent two years in prison in Rome (A.D. 61-63). Paul was released from his first Roman imprisonment, spent A.D. 63-66 in ministry, probably traveling as far as Spain, and was again arrested and executed in Rome in A.D. 67.

Let’s Pray —

Before we close, dear friend, I want to remind you that while it is important to engage in the study of God, it is far more important that you have a relationship with God. I fear that there are a lot of people who will die knowing a lot about God, but not really knowing God. You don’t want to be one of those people.

If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ as your Savior, and you want to get to know Him today here’s how.

First, accept the fact that you are a sinner, and that you have broken God’s law. The Bible says in Romans 3:23: “For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.”

Second, accept the fact that there is a penalty for sin. The Bible states in Romans 6:23: “For the wages of sin is death…”

Third, accept the fact that you are on the road to hell. Jesus Christ said in Matthew 10:28: “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” Also, the Bible states in Revelation 21:8: “But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.”

Now this is bad news, but here’s the good news. Jesus Christ said in John 3:16: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” Just believe in your heart that Jesus Christ died for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead by the power of God for you so that you can live eternally with Him. Pray and ask Him to come into your heart today, and He will.

Romans 10:9-13 says, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Pray and ask Him to come into your heart and He will.

May God bless you and keep you until we meet again.