Despite the fact that mankind is on the way to building a free democratic society, one serious problem still oppresses human rights – racial segregation, a separation of ethnic groups through the establishment of barriers to social communication, education, upbringing, other discriminatory measures. There are de jure and de facto types of segregation. Legislative racial segregation in the USA was abolished in 1964, but in fact, in various areas, it continues to exist to the present day.
History of segregation in education
After the adoption of the 13th Amendment to the American Constitution prohibiting slavery in the United States in 1865, there was official racial segregation involving the existence of separate educational institutions for whites and blacks.
In 1951, a black citizen of Kansas State, Oliver Brown, filed a lawsuit against the city school board on behalf of an 8-year-old daughter (case “Brown v. Board of Education”). In the lawsuit, he pointed out that his daughter should have a right to attend a school for whites (which was 5 blocks away from their home, while the “black school” was 21 blocks away). Although the court rejected this claim, other black residents filed similar claims in the states of Delaware, South Carolina, Virginia. After a series of trials, the case reached the US Supreme Court, which, in 1954, ruled that segregation at educational institutions deprives blacks of equal protection with whites, which is guaranteed by the 14th Amendment.
The decision legally banned racial segregation in American schools, but was met with resistance from several states. The Alabama court ruled that the SC judgments are not valid if they conflicted with state rules. In 1958, the central power had to reaffirm its decision.
In some states, racists strongly resisted this decision. In 1957, federal troops were introduced into the city of Little Rock, Arkansas after the state government refused to carry out the court’s decision. In September, on the day of the beginning of the studies, 9 black kids, who later became known as the “Little Rock Nine”, tried to enter the school, where they were met by armed soldiers who raised their bayonets. The assembled white crowd began to intimidate the children, shouting out threats and insults.
One of the schoolgirls recalled the day she came to the educational institution: “I went to school and came across a guard who let the white kids in. When I tried to come in, he picked up his weapon, then the others did the same. They were so hostile to me that I was very afraid and did not know how to behave. I turned around and understood that a crowd was coming at me from behind… Somebody cried out “Lynch her! Lynch her!” I tried to find at least one friendly person in the crowd, at least someone who could help me. I looked at an elderly woman, and her face seemed kind, but when our eyes met again, woman spat at me. Someone shouted, “Drag her to the tree! We have to deal with the nigga!”
The current situation
There is an opinion that racial segregation in educational institutions remains strong to this day. In 2006, in the report of the Harvard University, it was noted that it had risen to the level of the late 1960s. Americans have lost almost all the progress achieved in the abolition of racism in urban communities.
Today, segregation has a hidden character. Despite the crystal clear legislation, the real picture remains frustrating. Under the pressure of stereotypes imposed by society, teachers and students themselves support the racist system. Anonymous Internet surveys show that more than 70% of young people prefer to spend their free time exclusively with the representatives of own race.
The researchers asked the question in a politically correct manner: “If you are white, do you have friends or acquaintances whom you respect among blacks, Asians or Latinos?” and vice versa. The majority of respondents admitted that the members of close surroundings (mainly parents) disapprove their friendship with representatives of a different race.
Schools are like prisons. Like prisoners, students are united in the groups in which the main criterion of selection is the color of the skin. Racial groups do everything possible to prevent conflicts, but this does not mean that they respect each other.
Today’s situation is a ticking bomb, which will necessarily explode someday. The number of crimes on racial grounds has decreased, but hatred, misunderstanding, and indifference to people of a different skin color have only intensified. Children just keep it all inside.
Is it possible to eradicate school racism?
There are two completely opposite opinions on this issue. Many liberal professors believe that the educational system “is already moving in the right direction,” and the reduction of murders on racial grounds is an additional proof. Therefore, the state and the Department of Education must continue to rewrite textbooks, prohibit holidays, birthdays, patriotic symbols, religious customs, etc.
Others believe that political correctness will only strengthen racist attitudes at schools. This already happens. “My child began to hate blacks when he was forced to attend classes on African American history, – said Edward, the father of a 16-year-old high-school student, – He was told that these subjects are much more important than mathematics and English. The Department of Education provokes hatred in teenagers, as the teaching of some subjects is brought to the point of absurdity.”
Racial factor in education is really quite a controversial issue requiring detailed study. It is considered both in the offices of legislators and in the educational institutions themselves. Often, problems of discrimination are considered in academic theses, in the process of admission to different courses and programs. If you also want to prepare an excellent paper on school racism, it is recommended to contact a professional MBA essay writing service.
Do not remain indifferent! If everyone will improve the society we live in, show tolerance and humanism, America will truly become a democratic country where all people have equal rights and possibilities.