A new study is challenging the American Psychological Association’s contention that therapies for unwanted same-sex attraction are harmful.
The study, “Effects of Therapy on Religious Men Who Have Unwanted Same-Sex Attraction,” which was first published July 23 in The Linacre Quarterly, finds that sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE), often derisively called “conversion therapy,” improves the mental health of participants. Researchers surveyed 125 male residents of the United States. The men, mostly Christian, were at various stages of experiencing unwanted same-sex attraction. Some were sexually active while others were abstaining from sex.
Eighty-nine percent of respondents were Christians from a variety of traditions; 13.6 percent identified themselves as “non-denominational Christians”; 5 percent said they were Roman Catholic; 28 percent were Mormons; and 9.6 percent were Jewish. 55 percent of the sample reported that they attended religious services weekly.
Fifty-four percent of the participants were single; 46 percent were married; and the sample had about the same number of those who were homosexually active as abstainers. Over 80 percent reported they had some degree of depression and suicidality at the beginning of therapy.
Nearly 70 percent of respondents self-reported “some to much” reduction in their same-sex attraction and their behavior and an increase in their opposite-sex attraction and behavior.
The study counters the assertions and recommendations of the APA that efforts aimed at reducing same-sex attractions are unsafe and damaging to mental health and well being.
Of all the SOCE techniques represented, over three-fourths of survey participants endorsed as especially helpful, with ratings of “extremely,” “markedly,” and “moderately” the following: “developing nonerotic relationships with same-sex peers, mentors, family members, and friends”; “understanding better the causes of your homosexuality and your emotional needs and issues”; “meditation and spiritual work”; “exploring linkages between your childhood and family experiences and your same-sex attraction or behavior”; and “learning to maintain appropriate boundaries.”
Survey participants also reported improvements “in self-esteem and social functioning, and similarly decreases in suicidality, substance abuse, depression, and self-harm. Before therapy, they had experienced an average of three of these problems. The changes had apparently lasted for a median of nearly 3 years, for those post–SOCE. The degree and intensity of the initial conditions are not known and are self-reported, nor are they on established psychometric scales.”
“For this survey group, contrary to the null hypotheses, SOCE is neither ineffective, nor harmful, conflicting with APA findings. On the basis of this survey, religious clients could be told that some degree of change is likely from SOCE, and positive change in suicidality, self-esteem, depression, self harm, substance abuse, social functioning should be moderate to marked. Also contrary to the null hypotheses, social pressures do not predominate as reasons for entering SOCE, and effect sizes are not clearly less than for standard psychotherapies,” the study concluded.
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SOURCE: Christian Post, Brandon Showalter