Court Rules that Michigan Police Did Not Violate Free Speech Rights When They Asked Christian Evangelists to Leave Arab-American Festival


Members of a group called Bible Believers were pelted with water bottles and rocks while carrying a pig’s head and telling Muslims they were “sick” and would “burn in hell” for their beliefs.

Wayne County authorities said they were concerned about unrest and threatened to ticket the evangelists unless they left the Dearborn fair in June 2012. They walked away but were subsequently ticketed for traveling in a van without a license plate.

“The video from the 2012 festival demonstrates that (evangelists’) speech and conduct intended to incite the crowd to turn violent. … Although robustly guarded by the First Amendment, religious conduct remains subject to regulation for the protection of society,” the Cincinnati-based 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said. The ruling applies throughout the 6th Circuit — Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee.

The sheriff’s office was “regulating the safety of the festival attendees,” not “religious conduct,” judges Bernice Donald and Samuel Mays Jr. said in affirming the dismissal of a lawsuit against county authorities.

But Judge Eric Clay wrote an 11-page dissent, saying authorities had illegally exercised a “heckler’s veto” when they threatened to ticket Bible Believers. He noted that the court’s decision now will serve as a precedent in other free-speech disputes.

“The First Amendment protects plaintiffs’ speech, however bilious it was,” he said. “The majority … provides a blueprint for the next police force that wants to silence speech without having to go through the burdensome process of law enforcement. I expect we will see this case again.”

The annual fair, held from 1995 to 2012, led to regular clashes between Christians and Dearborn’s large Arab and Muslim population.

Lawsuits challenging efforts to restrict access mostly have ended in favor of evangelists. Dearborn paid $300,000 and apologized after missionaries were arrested in 2010.