In the future, we will work less and enjoy more leisure time, while being shuttled around in self-driving cars, attended by artificial intelligence that makes better decisions than we do.
That might sound like the setup for an episode of Star Trek, but it’s the world Google’s founders see ahead of us.
In a video interview published last week and moderated by venture capitalist Vinod Khosla, Google CEO Larry Page and co-founder Sergey Brin discussed a range of topics that spanned the company’s history, its future focus, and its founders’ views on economic issues.
After touching on the importance of Android, Google Now, Google’s experimental projects, and machine learning to his company’s future, Page asserted that we should be able to work less and be happier.
“I totally believe we should be living in a time of abundance, like Peter Diamandis’s book,” said Page. “If you really think about the things that you need to make yourself happy — housing, security, opportunities for your kids — anthropologists have been identifying these things. It’s not that hard for us to provide those things.” (Certainly it’s not hard if you’re a billionaire.)
Abundance (Free Press, 2012) is a book by Peter Diamandis and Steven Kotler that reviewer Timothy Ogden describes as “techno-utopianism at its worst” because it sees every problem as something technology can solve. The New York Times review is a bit more charitable, finding the book’s optimism appealing despite some quibbles.
Anyway, Page contends that people don’t need to work that hard to take care of life’s necessities. He also says people aren’t happy when they’re idle, so they need to be given something to do.
And it appears that idle workers will become more common. In a recent Fortune article, Martin Ford, author of The Lights in the Tunnel: Automation, Accelerating Technology and the Economy of the Future, argues there’s mounting evidence that unemployment will remain high for years because automation obviates the need for a growing range of human skills.
Others have said as much. In a recent interview, Andrew McAfee, principal research scientist at the MIT Center for Digital Business and co-author of The Second Machine Age, said, “I don’t know how you can make the case that [manufacturing] technologies are creating as many jobs as they’re destroying.”
Page’s answer to all this is sharing, specifically job sharing. “I was talking to Richard Branson about this,” said Page. “They don’t have enough jobs in the UK. He’s been trying to get people to hire two part-time people instead of one full-time. So at least, the young people can have a half-time job rather than no job. And it’s a slightly greater cost for employers. I was thinking, the extension of that is you have global unemployment or widespread unemployment. You just reduce work time.”
SOURCE: Thomas Claburn