During the early 1800s when slavery was flourishing in the U.S., two African-American freedmen in New York, Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm, launched the nation’s first African-American weekly newspaper, Freedom’s Journal.
“We wish to plead our own cause,” wrote the co-editors on the first edition’s front page. “Too long have others spoken for us.”
This spring, the Newseum, in partnership with the Smithsonian Institution, will open “One Nation With News for All,” an exhibit recognizing historical figures of color and ethnic groups in the U.S. media such as Cornish and Russworm, and their role as a voice for people of color and immigrants seeking citizenship.
“Ethnic media and media of color is the story of America,” said Patty Rhule, the Newseum’s senior manager of exhibit development. “They drew attention to issues that mainstream media wasn’t covering. They covered stories that would not otherwise be told.
“For much of America’s history, news was controlled largely by white males,” Rhule said. “Even in colonial times, news was told from their points of view, not from the views of women, or people who spoke Spanish. But stories told by ethnic media and media of color are just as [significant]. Mainstream media is recognizing the importance of other audiences. As our country grows more diverse, stories told by ethnic media and media of color will help us all understand each other better.”
Rhule said the exhibit will consist of 60 artifacts, including El Misisipi, the earliest known Spanish-language newspaper in the U.S. published in New Orleans beginning in 1808; Freedom’s Journal, founded in 1827; the Cherokee Phoenix, the first Native American newspaper, published in 1828 to advocate for the rights of Native Americans; and Golden Hills’ News, the first Chinese-language Asian-American newspaper, published in 1854. Golden Hills’ News was founded to assist Chinese immigrants who flocked to California during the “gold rush,” hoping to discover gold and strike it rich.
“I don’t think these newspapers have ever been together in one exhibit before,” Rhule said. “Our [exhibit] team has been reaching out to people nationally to find and collect archival newspapers and other materials. It has been an exciting process.”
Rhule said one artifact of particular interest is Ida B. Wells’ diary. Wells, one of few African-American women reporters in that era, wrote articles against lynching that were published in African-American newspapers.
Source: Washington Informer | Margaret Summers